Lesotho, the “roof of Africa”, is a mountain Kingdom as an enclave in South Africa. Since 1966, it is independent from Great Britain. After disagreements between the two largest political parties (at the end of the 1990s) is the stability now stabilized. It is still not very touristic.
Lesotho is known for its beautiful nature, fascinating Landscapes (as the only country in the world is not covered by the 1,000 m), spectacular, and the traditional way of life of the population. Lesotho is popular with mountaineers and hikers. Attractions which our clients found adventurous was horseback safaris, culture village, 4×4 routes, trails.
The people of Lesotho to live in small communities very isolated. The carriage was, until recently, especially with Basutoland ponies. By the construction of metalled roads, however, one can see this is becoming less and less.
But the pony-drawing remain one of the major attractions of this small country. Pony-drawing (even without driving experience) of one hour up to 6 days! The spectacular ships carry you along the most beautiful waterfalls, rock drawings of southern Africa, age old dinosaur tracks, teacher and magnificent villages by attractive exterior.
Lesotho is a small mountainous country situated towards the east of the Republic of South Africa and entirely encircled by it. There are two main mountain ranges: the Drakensberg, which has the highest mountain in southern Africa, and the Maluti. The capital, Maseru, is situated in the lowlands in the west of the country where most of the arable land and 70% of the population are concentrated: only 13% of the country is cultivable and population pressure is acute. The climate is temperate, with well-marked seasons. But the climate in the eastern half of the country is bleak. Snow falls frequently in the highlands during the winter. Hail storms can occur in all regions during the summer
Money Matters Currency Information
The unit of currency is the loti (M – plural maloti), which is divided into 100 lisenti. The loti is equivalent to the South African rand, which is also accepted throughout Lesotho.
The Lesotho loti is pegged to the South African rand, which means that prices in Lesotho are similar to those in South Africa, though food is perhaps a little cheaper.
The main commercial banks in Lesotho are Standard Bank, Barclays Bank and Lesotho Development Bank. Branches are found in Maseru and main towns.
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Kingdom of Lesotho. Formerly Basutoland. 1,981,000. National or official languages: Southern Sotho, English. Literacy rate: 59%–74%. Immigrant languages: Afrikaans. Also includes languages of France, India, Pakistan. Information mainly from J. Bendor-Samuel and Hartell 1989. Blind population: 3,000 (1982 WCE). Deaf institutions: 1. The number of individual languages listed for Lesotho is 5. Of those, all are living languages.
Rainfall is variable and mean annual rainfall amounts to between 700 mm and 800 mm in most parts of the lowlands. Most of it falls between October and April, but there is normally no month which has less than 12 mm. Unfortunately river discharge statistics show that most of this water is lost to Lesotho in the form of run-off.
The deciding factors from an agricultural point are whether the rain comes in steady soaking showers at intervals suited to the growth of the staple crops or whether it comes in the form of short and heavy storms, running to waste and eroding the soil. Serious droughts have affected the country recently, and there is a large number of perennial streams, though not as many as existed some year ago. In the lowlands the temperatures vary from a maximum of 90′ or more in summer to a minimum that rarely drops below 20′ in winter. In the highlands the range is much wider and temperatures below zero are common.
Lesotho history in brief
By the time the 1960 District Council elections were held, the BCP was the best established political movement – but it was no longer alone. As moves were made to establish a Legislative Council in the late 1950s, division began to emerge in the BCP. As early as 1957, certain senior chiefs led by S S Matete, formed the Marerna Tiou Party (MTP). They feared that commoners would dominate the Legislative Council and that the Regent ‘Mantsebo would relinquistallation of Constantinus Bereng Seeiso as Paramount Chief and Prince Bereng Seeiso was eventually installed as Moshoeshoe II in 1960.
For South Africa, you need a visa. You will receive it automatically and free of charge at the point of entry to your passport should. 6 weeks after you go back home. A visa is valid for 3 months and requires 2 blank pages in your Passport.
Budget travel is travel that is budget-conscious. … Budget travelers differ from backpackers in the sense that they may not necessarily be staying for a long period of time, they lean towards budget hotels/motels rather than hostels, and usually, their trip is not open-ended.
Hiking is the preferred term, in Canada and the United States, for a long, vigorous walk, usually on trails (footpaths), in the countryside, while the word walking is used for shorter, particularly urban walks. On the other hand, in the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Ireland, the word “walking” is acceptable to describe all forms of walking, whether it is a walk in the park or backpacking in the Alps.
The word hiking is also often used in the UK, along with rambling (a slightly old-fashioned term), hillwalking, and fell walking (a term mostly used for hillwalking in northern England). The term bushwalking is endemic to Australia, having been adopted by the Sydney Bush Walkers club in 1927. In New Zealand a long, vigorous walk or hike is called tramping. It is a popular activity with numerous hiking organizations worldwide, and studies suggest that all forms of walking have health benefits.
Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving where the diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) which is completely independent of surface supply, to breathe underwater.Scuba divers carry their own source of breathing gas, usually compressed air, allowing them greater independence and freedom of movement than surface-supplied divers, and longer underwater endurance than breath-hold divers. Open circuit scuba systems discharge the breathing gas into the environment as it is exhaled, and consist of one or more diving cylinders containing breathing gas at high pressure which is supplied to the diver through a regulator.
They may include additional cylinders for range extension, decompression gas or emergency breathing gas. Closed-circuit or semi-closed circuit rebreather scuba systems allow recycling of exhaled gases. The volume of gas used is reduced compared to that of open circuit, so a smaller cylinder or cylinders may be used for an equivalent dive duration. Rebreathers extend the time spent underwater compared to open circuit for the same gas consumption; they produce fewer bubbles and less noise than open circuit scuba which makes them attractive to covert military divers to avoid detection, scientific divers to avoid disturbing marine animals, and media divers to avoid bubble interference.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours. Tourism may be international, or within the traveller’s country. The World Tourism Organization defines tourism more generally, in terms which go “beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited to holiday activity only”, as people “traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes”.