Gauteng means ‘Place of Gold’ in the Sotho languages. It is the smallest province in South Africa, but also the richest and most crowded. Gauteng is part of the old Transvaal. It was first known as the PWV, which stands for Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging. These are the three urban centers that make up the province. Pretoria, South Africa’s administrative capital, is in Gauteng, but it is not the capital of the province.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours. Tourism may be international, or within the traveller’s country. The World Tourism Organization defines tourism more generally, in terms which go “beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited to holiday activity only”, as people “traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes”.