The “modern” city of Durban dates back to approximately 1824, when a group of 25 men under the British Lieutenant Farewell’s command arrived from the Cape Colony and established a settlement on the north shore of the Bay of Natal, which is near today’s Farewell Square. Accompanying Lieutenant Farewell was Henry Fynn, who befriended the Zulu King Shaka. Fynn assisted Shaka while he was wounded, Shaka then repaid him by granting him a large strip of the coast.
During a meeting in Fynn’s territory in 1835, it was decided that they would build a capital town named d’Urban after Sir Benjamin d’Urban, the then Governor of the Cape Colony.
In 1838 the Voortrekkers arrived from the Eastern Cape, they established the Republic of Natalia with the capital Pietermaritzburg. A British Governor was appointed to the region and many of the settlers then emigrated from Europe and the Cape Colony. The British established a sugar cane industry in the 1860’s but had difficulty attracting the Zulu labourers to work on plantations, they therefore brought thousands of indentured labourers from India. As a result of this importation, Durban has the highest Asian community on the African continent and the largest Indian population outside of India.
Durban, a coastal city in eastern South Africa’s KwaZulu-Natal province, is known for its African, Indian and colonial influences. Refurbished for soccer’s 2010 World Cup, the seafront promenade runs from uShaka Marine World, a huge theme park with an aquarium, to the futuristic Moses Mabhida Stadium. The Durban Botanical Gardens showcases African plant species.
- Moses Mabhida Stadium
- Zulu Medicine Market
- Victoria Street Market African
- City Centre; City Hall
- KwaMuhle Museum; Apartheid and HIV Exhibition
- Durban Harbour
- uShaka Marine World Village Walk
- Botanical Gardens
- Mahatma Gandhi’s House
- Inanda Township
- Umhlanga Promenade